Evidence-Based Labor Management
- ‘We came into the world like brother and brother;And now let's go hand in hand, not one before another.’The Comedy of ErrorsWilliam Shakespeare
- Twin pregnancies account for about 3.3% of all deliveries in the United States, with most of them being dichorionic diamniotic. Maternal physiological adaptation in twin pregnancies is exaggerated, and the rate of almost every maternal and fetal complication in twin pregnancies is higher than that in singleton pregnancies. Therefore, twin pregnancies necessitate closer antenatal surveillance by care providers, who are familiar with the specific challenges unique to these pregnancies. In addition, there is evidence that following women with twins in a specialized twin clinic can result in improved obstetrical outcomes.
- The mode of delivery in multiple pregnancies has been subject to vigorous debates during the last few decades. Although observational and retrospective data were accumulated, it was not until the publication of the Twin Birth Study that evidence-based recommendations could emerge. However, although some of the most pressing questions were answered by the Twin Birth Study, other questions were left outside the scope of the study. The questions were of great interest and included the following topics: the impact of gestational age, the influence of chorionicity, and the generalizability of the results for women with a previous uterine scar.